Inequalities in life expectancy are immense across countries. A study published in Lancet reveals that prospects at 20 are not reassuring. Especially if non-communicable disease control measures are not implemented. So in which countries will it be better to live in 2040?
Cardiovascular Diseases, Diabetes, COPD, Renal Failure, Cancer … The incidence of non-communicable diseases is expected to increase in the coming years. The prospective study conducted by the Institute for Metrics and Health Assessment (IHME) in Seattle, makes a hypothesis for 2040. This gives a look at which countries will be in the top 10 of the & rsquo; life expectation. long.
Spain in the head!
According to the calculations of epidemiologists, Spain would be the country with the longest life expectancy (85.8 years) followed by Japan (85.7 years). Followed by Singapore, Switzerland, Portugal, Italy, Israel, France (84.3 years), Luxembourg and finally Australia.
On the contrary, some high-income countries would resort to this. So the United States would have gone from 43is at 64 yearsis the country with the longest life expectancy. Meanwhile, other states could improve their score. China would return to the list, going from 68is at 39 years oldis.
Inequalities will die hard
At the bottom of the ranking is Lesotho (45.3 years). Also Swaziland, Central African Republic, South Africa, belongs to the lowest level. "Inequalities will continue to be strong", says dr. Christopher Murray, director of IHME.
However, "countries could accelerate progress against premature death by helping people fight risk factors such as tobacco and junk food".
Overall, premature mortality will increasingly be caused by non-communicable diseases and injuries and less by contagious diseases. In 2016, among the top 10 causes of premature death, four were non-communicable diseases or injuries.
By 2040, this proportion will rise to 8 out of 10. Ischemic heart disease, stroke, COPD, chronic renal failure, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, traffic accidents and lung cancer should be in order and expected.