Why the culture gets more and more tax money


KRecently we were in the cinema again. "Yesterday" is the name of the beautiful summer movie in which a rather unsuccessful musician capitalizes that the rest of humanity forgot that the Beatles existed once, giving the singer a unique opportunity, "Yesterday", "Eleanor Rigby" or "Let it be" as your own songs. Yesterday is not only fun for nostalgics of the sixties. Even pop star Ed Sheeran has a self-deprecating performance there. The online portal Kinofenster.de recommends the strip for school children in the subjects of music, English, German and history and offers materials for teaching. Predicate "pedagogically valuable" in a sense. And all without state subsidies.

Rainer Hank

Rainer Hank

Freelance author in the economy of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung.

At "Yesterday" I had to think while reading an interview with the Minister of State Monika Grütters (CDU) in the SZ. There it is determined that the numbers of visitors in the German cinemas go back. Only 37 percent of Germans go to the cinema at least once a year. Ten years ago, it was 45 percent. You can not do anything, I think. It's not that people stop watching movies: you just have to look at the subscription numbers from Amazon, Netflix & Co. There is no need for cinema to watch movies, which has advantages and disadvantages: It lacks the Großleinwanderlebnis, but it is perhaps more comfortable on the couch and the movie available at any time of day or night.

But Mrs. Grütters is alarmed and draws a very strange conclusion: If fewer people go to the cinemas, the subsidies for the film must be increased, she finds. More generally, their rule is that if there is less demand for a product, then we have to keep it alive with state resources. Of course, the rule does not apply at the moment: people are less likely to go to pop concerts and rarely read the paper than before. But pop groups and newspaper publishers are not fed by Mrs. Grütters. However, Netflix clearly considers Mrs. Grütters to be an enemy that the state has to fight with money: "It's alluring" to watch a brand new movie on the sofa. "Probably everyone does that occasionally," admits the minister. Yuck! She wants to stop the indecent domestic activities. Because in the end, the "cultural city of cinema" is lost.

If one measures the politicians of a government at the money spending, then Monika Grütters is by far the most successful Minister in the cabinet Merkel. Since taking office in 2013, she has increased her budget by fifty percent to 1.9 billion euros. Even the social ministers can not do that, which – to leave the cultural church in the village – is allowed to handle larger absolute amounts – one trillion euros a year. Meanwhile, Frau Grütters sits on pots of money that did not even exist twenty years ago. The basic principle in this country was that culture, if it had to be fed by the state, was a matter for the state. But then came Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (SPD) and his first cultural man Michael Naumann. Since then, the federal government has mixed culturally, increasing its own financial share and displacing the countries and municipalities from the cultural business. Culture adorns the powerful. They know that in Berlin too.

Monika Grütters Eleanor Rigby Ed Sheeran Netflix ISIN_US64110L1061 (t) Amazon (t) ISIN_US0231351067


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