President of the Yes to Health Association and child Chest diseases specialist Prof. Dr. In a written statement, Elif Dağlı said that, when the comprehensive studies on Covid-19 in children are examined, the disease passes without symptoms in 16-19 percent of children, while the symptomatic patients most often have fever, cough, sore throat, nasal stuffiness and discharge and headache. He stated that it was concluded that muscle pain, fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting may accompany.
Expressing that the loss of taste and smell in children is valuable for the diagnosis of Kovid-19, Dağlı explained that 8-12 percent of patients can have frequent and difficult breathing, 1 percent of them have skin rash, and these symptoms can indicate the severity of the disease.
“Although it is rare, Kovid-19 can be severe in children requiring hospitalization”
Pointing out that Kovid-19 in children, although rare, can be severe, requiring hospitalization, continued as follows:
“19 percent of hospitalized children are infants younger than 2 months, 42 percent are adolescents in the 12-17 age group. One third of hospitalized children require intensive care. Children with severe illness often have an accompanying chronic disease. signs indicating severe disease in the group, fever lasting more than 24 hours, high blood values indicating inflammation, contact with a person diagnosed with Kovid in the last month, symptoms of several organ systems such as heart, skin, gastrointestinal, kidney, respiratory, nervous system. Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome (MIS-C), which can be seen in children of all ages, occurs 2-6 weeks after the diagnosis of Kovid, and affects the multi-organ system, is a life-threatening condition. 73 percent of these patients do not have any underlying diseases. a, it mimics the gastrointestinal system findings and Kawasaki disease, and also shows clinical signs of the heart and central nervous system. “
“The rate of children getting the virus from another child is 5 percent”
Noting that 73 percent of children got the virus from an adult, and the rate of getting the virus from another child is as low as 5 percent, Dağlı stated that the fact that children are source cases at home is around 8 percent.
Dağlı stated that the test is at least as reliable as in adults because the virus accumulation in the nasal area in children can be higher than in adults, and that children should be tested in areas where Kovid-19 cases are intense, even if the symptoms of viral infection are mild, Dağlı gave the following information about the treatment:
“Antibiotic treatment has no place in Kovid’s disease. Only 6 percent of children diagnosed with Kovid have found other accompanying bacteria and viruses. Using common antibiotics to prevent secondary infection may develop social antibiotic resistance. Children with mild illness should drink plenty of fluids, rest, if necessary, fever. Although there is not enough evidence for the use of cortisone, which is beneficial for respiratory distress in adults, it is possible to apply it when there is shortness of breath. In children with severe symptoms, intravenous immunoglobulin and cortisone are administered. “
“Symptoms of the disease have begun to appear in children, too”
Prof. Dr. Elif Dağlı made the following evaluations:
“In the first months of the Kovid-19 pandemic, the prevailing opinion was that children did not get sick much, even if they got sick, and did not spread the virus. The prevalence of the virus, which shows the British mutation, and the rapid increase in the number of cases in our country for a few months, changed the characteristics of the epidemic, and children began to show symptoms of the disease. education institutions and decision donors are required to update their knowledge on Kovid-19 in children. Children until mutant viruses appear pandemic They could not find a place in the equation, vaccination studies did not include children. In recent months, different vaccine companies have started childhood vaccination trials, but more time is needed for widespread application. Still the most important measure is to stop the spread in the society. Children get the virus from adults. It has been shown that the source of infection is home, not school. Frequent interruptions to education by showing schools as resources caused many mental problems in children, education was not adequately provided. Under conditions where adults do not obey pandemic rules and decision makers do not stop social mobility, it is an inevitable consequence that viruses that show mutations will diversify and children continue to get sick. Child health and children’s rights should be respected during the pandemic. “