TEMPO.CO, Shanghai Shanghai Museum of Astronomy, planetarium the world’s largest in terms of building scale, officially opened on Saturday, July 17, 2021.
Dengan luas sekitar 58.600 meter persegi, museum tersebut berdiri di Kawasan Khusus Lingang Zona Perdagangan Bebas Percontohan (Shanghai) Cina. Museum ini merupakan cabang dari Museum Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi Shanghai (SSTM) dan mulai menerima pengunjung umum pada Minggu.
Museum ini menampilkan arsitektur inovatif, area pameran dengan berbagai tema, teknologi immersive, serta beragam koleksi berharga.
Jika dilihat dari udara, bangunan utama museum tampak seperti mangkuk raksasa berisi beragam instrumen astronomi dengan jendela atap (skylight) sirkular, sebuah kubah bulat terbalik, dan sebuah teater kubah.
Like the sundial mechanism, the point of light on the ground changes when sunlight passes through the circular skylight and becomes a perfect circle during the day during the summer solstice.
Xihe Tower and Wangshu Tower, each named after the symbols of the Sun and Moon in ancient Chinese mythology, stand like satellites of the main building.
During the day, visitors can observe the Sun through the educational adaptive optical solar telescope at Xihe Tower and view high-definition images of sunspots and solar flares.
At night, visitors can enjoy views of the Moon, planets, and celestial bodies in deep space through the one-meter double-focus telescope, which is the largest telescope in China in terms of aperture, located in the Tower Wangshu.
The opening of the Shanghai Astronomy Museum is a milestone for efforts to promote science, given that Shanghai now has various museums on nature, modern technology and astronomy, said Wang Lianhua, the person in charge of SSTM.
Exploring the main building, visitors can gain a thorough understanding of the universe through three themed exhibitions, namely Home, Cosmos, and Odyssey. Many other facilities focus on topics such as the history of Chinese research on astronomy, Mars exploration, and efforts to popularize science or science for children.
An 8K resolution spherical projection system, with a state-of-the-art laser performance system and stage performance system, is installed in the dome theater allowing visitors to enjoy shows about the latest developments in astronomy.
In addition, the museum also exhibits various collections including about 70 meteorites, including meteorites from the Moon, Mars, and Vesta, as well as more than 120 collections of artifacts such as works by Isaac Newton, Galileo Galilei, and Johannes Kepler.
Among the more than 300 exhibits in the museum, interactive exhibits account for more than 50 percent. Various technologies such as data visualization, augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), and biometric technology help visitors gain astronomical and scientific knowledge through interaction.
“China is undertaking very fruitful explorations in deep space in the 21st century,” said Ye Shuhua, a renowned astronomer and member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Ye has made efforts over the decades to help found the Shanghai Astronomy Museum.
He stated that the construction of the planetarium was very important to popularize knowledge in astronomy and to support the education of the younger generation in the field.
The fields of science fiction and astronomy are increasingly in demand by the Chinese public. In 2019, the total output value of China’s science fiction industry reached 65.87 billion yuan, up 44.3 percent year on year (yoy). Meanwhile, the domestic sci-fi film box office has doubled from 2018.
A total of 69 percent of young Chinese surveyed recently by China Youth Daily felt that the passion and achievements made in China’s manned space exploration were both exhilarating and inspiring.
“I feel like I’m following the space exploration path of different generations of Chinese people. We are watching China embark on a new journey in space,” said Wang Lu, a visitor from Shanghai, after watching a replica model of the Chang’e-5 space probe, the Mars rover Zhurong. , and China’s Tianhe space station core module.
“I am honored to be part of the early stages of this museum project, and wish everyone success in inspiring future generations with stories about us and the universe,” said Thomas Kraupe, Director of the Hamburg Planetarium and former president of the International Planetarium Society.
XINHUA | ANTARA