«Wormholes Humans Can Go Through» is a study by the professor of theoretical physics at the Institute for Advanced Studies Juan Maldacena and Alexey Milekhin, a graduate student in astrophysics at Princeton University. In her, through Universe today, claim that there is a theoretical method that can lead to this great achievement.
First, What are wormholes? This theory was born at the beginning of the 20th century as a response to Albert Eintstein’s Theory of General Relativity. This hypothetical feature mentions that it is It is possible to create a shortcut in space and time between two ends connected to a single throat, through which matter could move.
Till the date No evidence was found that known spacetime contains structures of this type., then currently it is just a theoretical possibility in science. Today, the theory of string instruments (which includes it in its postulates) admits the existence of more than three spatial dimensions, but those extra dimensions would be compressed to subatomic scales (according to the Kaluza-Klein theory), therefore, it seems very difficult (if not impossible) to take advantage of them to undertake travel in space and time.
As Maldacena and Milekhin explained in half, traversable wormholes require there are special circumstances. This includes the existence of negative energy, which is not allowed in classical physics, but is possible within the scope of the quantum physics. A good example of this, they claim, is the Casimir effect, where quantum fields produce negative energy as they propagate through a closed circle:
“However, this effect is generally small because it is quantum. In a previous article, we realized that this effect can be considerable for black holes with a high magnetic charge. The new idea was to use special properties of massless charged fermions (particles like the electron, but with zero mass). For a magnetically charged black hole, they travel along magnetic field lines (similar to how charged particles from the solar wind create auroras near Earth’s polar regions)., they mention.
The fact that these particles can travel in a circle entering a point and emerging from where they began in the ambient flat space, implies that the “vacuum energy” is modified and can be negative. The presence of this negative energy can support the existence of a stable wormhole, a bridge between points in space-time that will not collapse before something has a chance to pass through it.
These wormholes are possible based on matter that is part of the Standard Model of particle physics. The only problem is that these wormholes would have to be microscopic in size and exist only at very short distances. For human travel, wormholes would have to be large, which requires that physics be used in addition to the standard model.
For Maldacena and Milekhin, this is where it comes in the Randall-Sundrum II model (also known as the theory of deformed geometry in 5 dimensions). Named after the theoretical physicists Lisa Randall and Raman Sundrum, this model describes the Universe in terms of five dimensions and was originally proposed to solve a hierarchy problem in particle physics.
These theoretical wormholes would cause travelers to blink 10,000 light-years away in a single second, although, thanks to the quirks of special relativity, an observer on Earth would see that the journey would take 10,000 years, according to Universe today.
Doing so would require some distorted quantum physics. And unfortunately Making one of these wormholes would require technology far beyond our capabilities, which is not even practical to develop. But, all things considered, the theoretical possibility is still exciting to contemplate.
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